How will my eye doctor check for Diabetic Retinopathy ?

When checking for diabetic Retinopathy, a thorough eyetest includes checking how well you can see, measuring pressure inside your eye, looking closely at the front part of your eye with a special light, and examining the back of your eye after making your pupils bigger. Trained eye doctors do this, and they also take pictures of your Retina to keep records.

The most reliable way to assess, how severe diabetic Retinopathy is, involves taking pictures of the inside of the eye using a special camera with a technology called OCTA, after dilating the pupils.

What is Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCTA) ?

OCTA is a technology that takes pictures of the tiny blood vessels in the Retina. It creates 3D images by detecting the movement of blood cells. This technology can show even the smallest blood vessels in different layers of the Retina and the layer beneath it.

OCTA can find signs of diabetic Retinopathy much earlier than they can be seen during a regular eye checkup.

Treatment options

Laser Therapy : This is often used to treat diabetic Retinopathy by sealing or destroying abnormal blood vessels in the Retina. It can help slow the progression of the disease.
Intravitreal Injections : Medications can be injected in the eye to reduce swelling and abnormal blood vessel growth.
Focal Laser Treatment : It is used to treat macular edema, a common complication of diabetic Retinopathy. The laser is focused on the specific areas of swelling to reduce leakage from blood vessels.
Anti-Inflammatory Medications : These may be used to reduce inflammation in the eye.


Diabetes can sometimes lead to a condition called dry eye, where your eyes might feel uncomfortable and dry. This happens because diabetes can affect the natural moisture in your eyes, causing them to feel irritated and scratchy.

Relief from Dry Eyes

To alleviate dry eyes due to diabetes, it’s essential to manage your diabetes effectively and maintain stable blood sugar levels. Artificial tears and medications are prescribed to reduce discomfort. Protect your eyes from dry environments, use a humidifier, and stay hydrated.


Uvea is the middle eye layer containing blood vessels, located between the sclera (eye’s white coat) and the Retina, consisting of the iris, ciliary body, and choroid. Uveitis is a group of inflammatory diseases causing swelling in uveal tissues. It can also affect the lens, Retina, optic nerve, and vitreous, leading to reduced vision or blindness.

What causes Uveitis ?

Uveitis can result from eye problems, inflammatory diseases in other parts of the body, infections, trauma, drugs, or toxins. It may affect one or both eyes simultaneously.

What are the symptoms ?

Symptoms may include:

Blurred Vision.
Dark, floating spots/lines in the vision (floaters).
Eye pain.
Sensitivity to light (photophobia).

What are the different kinds of Uveitis ?

Uveitis varies based on where inflammation occurs in the uvea, including anterior, intermediate, posterior, and panuveitis.

How is Uveitis diagnosed ?

Diagnosis involves a thorough eye examination, medical history, and possibly laboratory tests.

Complications and Treatment

Chronic Uveitis can lead to complications like corneal clouding, cataracts, increased eye pressure (glaucoma), and retinal issues. Treatment for Uveitis aims to eliminate inflammation, relieve pain, prevent damage, and restore vision. It may involve medications, surgery, or implantable devices. Regular follow-up visits and tests may be required to monitor progress and manage side effects of treatment.

Are you struggling with eye issues ?
Talk to our experts today !

Are you struggling with eye issues ?

Talk to our experts today !

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